Education, Feature, Healthcare

The Lux two-minute explainer: melanopic lighting

Melanopic lighting – derived from the name of the sleep-wake hormone melatonin – is lighting that's tuned to both our visual and non-visual responses to light

And you thought you’d seen everything? Well, you may have, but you probably haven’t been looking properly.

Research into the ‘non-visual’ aspects of lighting have been going on for a long time but the topic has been lifted out the strictly academic by the new lighting technology that’s become available through LED technology.

The science

We’re used to the idea that we experience three visual states: 

Photopic vision which is what we have during the day and in well-lit space. It’s what we’d all think of as usual light conditions. During the day, we are most sensitive to the green-yellow part of the light spectrum (at a frequency of 555nm)

Scotopic vision is what happens once it gets dark. We lose colour discernment and can generally only make out colours in the green-blue region. At night, our sensitivity slips towards the blue end of green (at a frequency: 498nm) 

Mesopic vision sits uncomfortably between the two. Let’s call it dusk, when details start to disappear and we’re not quite sure what it is that we’re looking at.


Melatonin production throughout the day

Melanopic vision acknowledges that there is more going on than purely visual perception, there is also the biological impact of light. The hormone melatonin (hence ‘melanopic’) is the key to our pattern of wakefulness and sleep (our circadian rhythm). The production of this hormone is suppressed during the day by a naturally blue-rich light environment. We steadily fall asleep at night when there is very little blue in our light. 

The technology

The spectral distribution at which melatonin is held at bay peaks at 464nm, which is a very strong blue. Manufacturers of LEDs are able to adjust the light output of their modules to take advantage of this, producing artificial light sources that help us to retain our attention to detail at times when we may otherwise be flagging. A lot of attention is being given to how melanopic lighting may assist shift workers to carry out their duties.

Blue saturation has been done before using fluorescent phosphors, but the result was often considered to be far too cold for many working environments. LED technology is providing much finer adjustment in the make-up of white light, enabling warmer tones to be created, combining the melanopic peak within the spectrum.


  • See the technology disrupting the lighting industry at LuxLive 2018 in London this November.  The Property Technology Live arena will focus on the exciting digital applications of connected lighting and feature a rolling programme of talks, panels discussions and demonstrations. It’s one of eight different conference tracks. Entry is FREE – Simply register here




Picture courtesy Cormac Hanley/Monomondo Photography. Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.